Greenhouse gases (mainly CO2) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) released by solvents used in painting, are some of the most hazardous substances for air pollution generated by automotive operators.
Structural works (replacement of boilers and restructuring of distribution networks), carried out over time and already described in previous financial statements, show that changes made have been appropriate. However, it should be noted that the reduction in emissions from the Baramati plant is due to production shutdowns caused by the pandemic.
Direct and indirect CO2 20 emissions of Piaggio Group production sites
For sites located in Italy, the conversion criteria of the “Emission Trading” Directive (Directive 2003/87/EC) were used to determine gases with a greenhouse effect resulting from the use of diesel, fuel oil and methane.
Data relating to the Indian plants were calculated applying to energy and fuel consumption the coefficients set by The Central Electricity Authority "CO2 Baseline Database for the Indian power sector", while those relating to the plants in Vietnam were calculated using the coefficients set by the "Department of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate change – Ministry of Natural resource and Environment Vietnam".
With reference to CO2 emissions, the industrial plant at Pontedera comes under the sensitivity area classification of the “Emission Trading” directive (Directive 2003/87/EC) which implements the Kyoto Protocol. The site is classed as a “Group A” site, relative to companies releasing the lowest amount of CO2 indicated in the Directive.
CO2 emissions are almost entirely derived from the combustion of methane, marginally from the combustion of diesel fuel in back-up power generators and small amounts from the combustion of VOCs in the painting post-combuster.
The monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions from the Pontedera plant are governed by a specific Group procedure, which is periodically audited in-company and annually audited by a certification body.
CO2 emissions at Piaggio's Pontedera site are certified by a certification body accredited by the National Competent Authority in March of each year.
The CO2 emissions from the use of company cars and from testing and development activities are reported below.
Overall, direct emissions of the Group in 2020 were equal to 16,171 tons.
Other significant emissions at the production sites of the Piaggio Group22
In 2020 there was a drastic reduction in VOCs emitted by the Pontedera plant, caused by the work stoppages, the suspension in the last quarter of Porter production, and better use of the plants. The significant decrease in VOCs emitted by the Baramati plant is attributable to the period when activities stopped due to the lockdown.
20 The “Location-based” method was used for the reporting of indirect emissions (Scope 2).
21 CO2 emissions deriving from the combustion of methane, natural gas, diesel fuel and LPG used at plants.
22 Reported data are also based on processing using estimates.